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民眾誤食不明野菇 物種鑑別出爐

Posted On By 廖 宥婷

【記者廖宥婷/南投報導】

有鑒於近期南投縣發生民眾誤食野菇,出現噁心、嘔吐、腹痛、腹瀉及發燒等身體不適案例,經縣府衛生局採集個案家中留存的野菇送衛生福利部食品藥物管理署協助物種鑑別後,確認民眾係誤食有毒菇類「綠褶菇」而引發中毒,衛生局呼籲民眾避免自行採摘食用來路不明的菇類,看到不知名的野菇冒生,切勿以為是地上冒出來的「禮物」,應秉持「不採不食」的觀念。

衛生局指出,「綠褶菇 (Chlorophyllum molybdites (Meyer: Fr.) Massee)」屬中至大型菇菌,多生長於低海拔闊葉樹林地、草地或農地,為一種有毒不可食用的菇類,其外表顏色淺不鮮豔,與可食用的白色雨傘菇 (Macrolepiota procera)及雞肉絲菇 (Termitomyces albuminosus)相似,常被混淆,不同點在於綠褶菇底部菌褶於早期會由白色轉為黃綠色,且菌體受損時會轉為褐色,為可辨識的重要特徵,誤食後1~3小時會有噁心、嘔吐、腹痛、血便及脫水等腸胃炎型中毒症狀,衛生局呼籲民眾,若食用不明菇類出現生理不適的症狀時,應儘速就醫並保留食餘檢體,以利正確診斷與治療。

廖 宥婷
yuio804325@gmail.com

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