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土牛民番地界碑」獲文化部指定為重要古物

Posted On By 廖 宥婷

【記者廖宥婷/台中報導】

臺中市102年8月1日公告指定石岡區「土牛民番地界碑」為一般古物,該界碑是清乾隆26年(1761)彰化知縣張世珍為避免漢人與原住民衝突擴大,於原漢邊線挖溝為界,挖溝出的土堆堆砌為十九個土堆,並於土堆邊立碑為界,禁止漢人越界開墾。因土堆外形似牛,便稱之為「土牛」,並且豎立石碑作為漢人和原住民開墾耕作的地界線,目前置放於臺中市石岡區土牛國民小學內,於109年6月獲文化部古物審議會審議通過指定為重要古物。

土牛界線是清領時期普遍設置的原漢界線。清初閩客移民逐漸遷徙至臺灣,並與平埔族和高山原住民在開墾、貿易、領地等關係上常產生摩擦。清政府為解決雙方衝突,承認原住民自治地權,在重要入山口,利用自然地形或採人工挖掘壕溝為界線,防止漢人越界進入原住民區域侵擾開墾。

在中部沿山地區,清代「朴子籬社圖」明確劃出東側靠山,北臨大甲溪,呈南北向排列有土牛堆十九墩和土牛溝,從朴子籬社社寮有路通往土牛堆,土牛溝前不遠處尚有望寮一座,作為警戒觀測之用。至日治時代仍可見到土牛堆遺跡,惟今已無遺存。

「土牛民番地界碑」為清乾隆26年(1761)彰化知縣張世珍所立,內容詳載土牛堆和土牛溝的深、寬、長度、尺寸,並以「永禁民人逾越私墾」限制越界開墾,為目前臺灣現存僅見的清代臺灣官方所立之漢番界線之見證,為全臺唯一保存之土牛線紀念物,在臺灣開發史及原漢政策等有重大意義。

廖 宥婷

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