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提升個人自信與協助自我認識 暑假生活更有意義

Posted On By 廖 宥婷
【記者江文賓/台北報導】
暑假是學生的快樂天堂,但通常卻是家長的壓力期。對學生來說,平常課業壓力很大,暑假除了放鬆,好好規劃並過個充實的生活也是重要的一環。對於家長來說,這段期間工作照常,但總擔心孩子沒有好好安排假期、浪費許多時間和機會而感到焦慮、傷腦筋,因此在暑假期間雖然親子相處機會變多,相對衝突機會也有可能增加。
關於家長如何協助孩子規畫暑假生活更有意義,台北「張老師」建議幾個方向:
1.家長與孩子一起討論規畫完成暑假作業時程
2.家長要尊重孩子意願,協助孩子制定好暑假計畫
3.引導孩子參加各種戶外活動,有利於提高人際交往能力、增強社會適應力
假期中,可以透過參與人際互動、團體生活、接觸大自然或跟未來發展有關的活動,提升個人自信與協助自我認識,例如:
1.學校自辦活動,或大專學生、各單位在暑假期間會到國中小辦暑期營。
2.縣巿政府安排的學生活動課程(各區青少年福利中心、運動中心場館等)。
3.詢問有口碑的單位(如救國團等)。
4.安排全家出遊的行程(提升視野、培養多元興趣)。
對於暑假親子相處時間變長,大部分家長認為親職負荷增加、甚至引發親子衝突。對於拿捏與孩子間的互動平衡,有以下幾個方法:
1.做個有覺察的父母:照顧孩子的感受,避免沒有經過孩子意見就直接安排決定,一起規劃與討論。
2.學習適度放手:讓孩子自己嘗試看看、學習成長,但在開始前適度提醒重要原則,例如安全、避免違法等。
3.當家長與孩子想法不同時記得採取紅、黃、綠燈。紅燈:穩定自己情緒;黃燈:了解孩子的想法、表達自己的擔心與用意;綠燈:達成共識一起行動解決問題
萬一孩子不肯好好跟家長溝通,千萬別硬要孩子答應自己的要求,這只會造成親子關係更緊張。這時候可以請孩子的「重要他人」來幫忙,委由孩子眼中更願意談話的對象去溝通,或撥打「張老師」1980輔導專線與老師們討論親子間的關係。
廖 宥婷
yuio804325@gmail.com

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